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Although many states sign and ratify international human rights conventions, such obligations and guarantees do not necessarily translate into national law. Provisions for education at the national level must therefore change to reflect the international legal obligations that countries have assumed. States must be encouraged to pass legislation and implement policies to ensure they provide education in compliance with international law.

For girls' and women’s right to education, this means that states must ensure girls' equal rights to education and also prepare laws in cross-cutting issues of gender, such as marriage, housing and social security. States must ensure non-discrimination and education in all spheres, and at a national level. It is clear that unless discrimination, harassment and violence in schools are addressed, girls will not be able to enjoy the right to education as stated in national constitutions, legally binding treaties and international declarations.