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Excluded / Vulnerable Groups


©Paul Bigland/ ActionAid
©Paul Bigland/ ActionAid

Excluded groups are arguably the most important perspective to have on human rights. It is in the treatment of minorities and vulnerable sections of society that we see the real test of a government’s duty to protect, respect and fulfill the rights of its citizens and those under its jurisdiction.

A very illustrative tale is told by just looking at children. Katarina Tomasevski, in a study of government reports to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, thus listed no less than 32 categories of children that are particularly likely to be excluded from education: abandoned children; asylum seeking children; beggars; child labourers; child mothers; child prostitutes; children born out of wedlock; delinquent children; disabled children; displaced children; domestic servants; drug-using children; girls; HIV-infected children; homeless children; imprisoned children; indigenous children; married children; mentally ill children; migrant children; minority children; nomadic children; orphans; pregnant girls; refugee children; sans-papiers (children without identity papers); sexually exploited children; stateless children; street children; trafficked children; war-affected children and working children.

On this website we will try to track some of these groups - children and adults alike - over time and to identify the specific challanges posed in securing the right to education.

Some of the headings below are thus active, but we aim to soon have more.





Persons with disabilities

Conflict and emergency affected

HIV and Aids

Street children


Sexual minorities

Persons in detention


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