Bangladesh: The power of people and parliaments to increase resources for education
National civil society organisations in Bangladesh have sought to build the capacity of community audit groups to monitor the allocation of resources at the district level and service delivery in schools. These district-based community audit groups were formed to assist the government with decentralisation and to hold it accountable for policy and budget commitments.
Findings from budget monitoring conducted by community audit groups have been linked up to national level advocacy by Bangladesh’s first parliamentary caucus on education. The caucus has lobbied the government for education to be recognised as a right, and for an increase in resources to be allocated to the education sector.
The parliamentary caucus challenged the government about the share of GDP committed to education, and was successful in achieving a small but significant increase in education expenditure.
• Capacity building of district-based community audit groups to monitor resources and service delivery
• Lobbying the government in relation to the implementation of its policy and budget for primary education
• Established Bangladesh’s first parliamentary caucus on education
• Used research to demonstrate that national expenditure on education was below international recommendations, leading to a small increase in education expenditure
FACTORS OF SUCCESS
• Community ownership of auditing programmes
• Evidence base for advocacy work
• Strong relationship between CSOs and parliamentarians
• Link between local and national level budget work