Emergencies and conflict
The right to education in times of conflict, post-conflict reconstruction and natural disasters is a very complex and hugely challenging field. It is about distinguishing and using the International Human Rights Law (the Law of Peace) and International Humanitarian Law (the Law of War and refugees).<?xml:namespace prefix = o />
It is about knowing the role of these and national laws in situations of apparent lawlessness, and about keeping checks on the prime duty-bearers – the governments and the international community – so that they do not falter in their commitment to providing education: in the local communities, near the affected areas, in the camps, for the internally displaced persons (IDPs) and the many refugees that may have spilled over the borders, for those former child soldiers that must be reintegrated and helped to regain their lost childhoods, and for the many whose livelihoods have been fundamentally affected, by war, natural disasters and ecological catastrophy.
Please see the following for more information:
- The site of the Inter-agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE) with their world-wide institutional outreach and their valuable Minimum Standards on Education in Emergencies. Their Global Consultation, held every 5 years, most recently took place in <?xml:namespace prefix = st1 />Istanbul, Turkey, in 2009, and brought together the leading experts in the field. The Right to Education Project was there too, advocating for a continued focus on the law and on a rights based approach to ensuring education in emergencies. The INEE has also published, amongst other, these 4 highly useful resources, seen here.
- The pages of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), a valuable resource on the right to education in emergencies as a result of their General Day of Discussion on this topic in 2008, at which the Right to Education Project was present and advocated for framing education related responses to emergencies in the 4A scheme: Availability, Accessibility, Adaptability and Acceptability. This discussion at the CRC was followed up by a debate at the UN General Assembly in New York in 2009. In June 2010 the General Assembly passed a powerful resolution on the right to education in emergencies.
- See also these assorted articles:
Amy S. Rhoades, independent: Displaced Futures: Internally Displaced Persons and the Right to Education (2010)
Alice Farmer, Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC): Learning in displacement: Briefing paper on the right to education of internally displaced people (2010). See also a case study on Turkey.
Eric Batonon and Kate Norton, Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC): Combating Social Exclusion in Post-conflict Recovery: education and disability in Burundi (2010)
Education Above All / British Institute of International and Comparative Law, Protecting Education in Insecurity and Armed Conflict: An International Law Handbook