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Philippine Association of Colleges v Secretary of Education

Philippine Association of Colleges v Secretary of Education

Supreme Court G.R. No. L-5279, 31 October 1955

Keywords: Adaptability, freedom of education, Philippines, state control of education, access to justice.

This case involved restrictions upon the parental right to educate their children according to their own values and a diminution of the rights and liberties of school owners and teachers. 

The Supreme Court rejected the argument that parental freedom and freedom of establishing and running educational institutions should be protected against interference by the State. 

The Court upheld the constitutionally affirmed power of the State to control education so as to safeguard the human rights of everyone involved, as well as the public interest which education should promote.

The Court added that any intervention by the State ought to be accompanied by access to justice so as to enable the challenging of any alleged abuse of this State power.

Note. The Court drew similar conclusions as the court in Kjeldsen (above) in providing the State with the presumption that it decides what should be in the curriculum but maintaining that parents should have the ability to challenge the State’s decisions in this area.