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Guingona, JR v Carague, Supreme Court of the Philippines - G.R. No. 94571, 22 April 1991

Guingona, JR v Carague, Supreme Court of the Philippines - G.R. No. 94571, 22 April 1991

Keywords: Resource allocation, budgetary contraints, availability, national court, constitutional law, Philippines

A group of senators in the Philippines challenged the constitutionality of the budgetary allocation of P86 billion for debt servicing which compared to P27 billion for education. The Constitution of the Philippines obliges the government to assign the highest budgetary priority to education. 

The Court found that education had constituted the highest allocation apart from debt servicing which was necessary to safeguard the creditworthiness of the country and the survival of its ecomomy.

In making its decision, the Court stated;

There can be no question as to the patriotism and good motive of petitioners in filing this petition. Unfortunately, the petition must fail on the constitutional and legal issues raised. As to whether or not the country should honor its international debt, more especially the enormous amount that had been incurred by the past administration, which appears to be the ultimate objective of the petition, is not an issue that is presented or proposed to be addressed by the Court. Indeed, it is more of a political decision for Congress and the Executive to determine in the exercise of their wisdom and sound discretion.’

The application was unsuccessful.