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Cyprus v Turkey Application no. 25781/94 European Court of Human Rights May 2001

Cyprus v Turkey Application no. 25781/94 European Court of Human Rights May 2001

Keywords: Availability, Discrimination, Progressive realisation, Regional law, Cyprus, Turkey, European Convention

The context is the situation that has existed in northern Cyprus since the beginning of military operations there by Turkey in July and August 1974 and the continued division of Cyprus. Cyprus maintained that Turkey had continued to violate the Convention in northern Cyprus after the adoption of two earlier reports by the European Commission of Human Rights, which were drawn up following previous applications brought by Cyprus against Turkey.

The Court held that there had been amongst others the following two violations:

- violation of Article 2 of Protocol No. 1 (right to education) in respect of Greek Cypriots living in northern Cyprus in so far as no appropriate secondary-school facilities were available to them;
- violation of Article 3 in that the Greek Cypriots living in the Karpas area of northern Cyprus had been subjected to discrimination amounting to degrading treatment;

Court called on the Turkish authorities in Northern Cyprus to refrain from censoring Greek language textbooks.

The Court found that "the discontinuance" (that is, closure) of Greek-medium secondary schools amounted to a denial of the right to education.