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Cases on progressive realisation and courts interfering with the State’s budget




Progressive realisation and courts interfering with the State’s budget

Grootboom v Oostenberg Municipality and others

Progressive realisation, positive right, housing, accessibility, availability, budgetary limitations not relevant, South Africa, Consitutional law, national level, discrimination


Minister of Health and Others v Treatment Action Campaign and Others

Children‘s Rights, Health Rights, HIV/AIDS, Right to Life, Maximum Available Resources, policies on rights, Progressive Realization/Non-Retrogression, Women’s Rights positive right, medical, accessibility, availability, acting reasonably to provide on progressive basis, South Africa, constitutional law, national level


Viceconti v. Ministry of Health and Social Welfare - Poder Judicial de la Nación

health rights, positive obligations, domestic application of international law (monist system), constitutional law, national court, preamble, Argentina


V v. Einwohrnergemeine X und Regierunsgrat des Kantons Bern

Positive right, minimum level of dignity, resource allocation, constitutional law, national court, nationality


Guingona, JR v Carague, Supreme Court of the Philippines - G.R. No. 94571, 22 April 1991

Resource allocation, budgetary contraints, availability, national court, constitutional law, Philippines


R v. East Sussex County Council ex parte Tandy

Adaptability, suitable education, resources, financial reasons not allowed to stand in way of statutory duty, disability, special educational needs


Mendoza & Ors v Minister of Public Health and the Director of the National AIDS-HIV-STI Program

Positive obligations, constitutional law, Ecuador, availability, Progressive v immediate realisation, deeds not words, national level

Other themes:

Cases on availability

Cases on civil and political rights

Cases on free education

Cases on language

Cases on nationality

Cases on progressive realisation and state budget

Cases on racial discrimination

Cases on progressive realisation and discrimination
Cases on justiciability