International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights entered into force on 3 January 1976. It commits states parties to promote and protect a wide range of economic, social and cultural rights, including rights relating to work in just and favourable conditions, to social protection, to an adequate standard of living, to the highest attainable standards of physical and mental health, to education and to enjoyment of the benefits of cultural freedom and scientific progress. It obliges states parties to respect and ensure that all individuals subject to its jurisdiction enjoy all the rights included in the ICESCR, without discrimination.
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GREAT NEWS: On Human Rights Day, 10th December 2008, the UN adopted the Optional Protocol to the ICESCR, enabling violated education rights-holders to seek remedies and hold governments to account – as is the case for other human rights. This marked a great step forward in a long campaign and a cue to press all countries that have not yet done so to sign and ratify. Read more